CitySCAPE: a Citywide Synergic Control Architecture for Protection during Emergencies (2011-present)

Complex and large scale, an urban system is at best difficult to model and control. Hence, there is a stringent need for a unifying point of view in developing control architectures for city wide protection against hazards, be they natural or man-made. CitySCAPE is an architecture that presents a modular vision, with a hierarchical structure that implements a decentralized character at lower levels and centralized components at higher levels, that deal with integrating its subsystems into a whole. CitySCAPE ultimately strives to meet the basic requirements of urban protection: ensuring earthquake vibration mitigation, implementing and supervising social protection norms, reliability, implementability, autonomy, integrating existing infrastructure, a good complexity/cost ratio and so on.

At a macroscopic level, CitySCAPE is comprised of two interconnected and interdependent systems: inSCAPE and eSCAPE. Each of these two systems plays a major role in the proper functioning of CitySCAPE, integrating hardware components, communication modules, computational systems and, of course, the human factor.

Emergent CitySCAPE (eSCAPE) is derived from the emergent properties of complex adaptive systems. The eSCAPE subsystem models, controls and monitors the protection of living beings. This component manages the social system and human safety during earthquakes and other disasters, with a flexible communication network.

Integrated Networked CitySCAPE (inSCAPE) is a CitySCAPE subsystem which integrates and interconnects a hierarchical system for the control of the structural component of urban systems.


Project leader Monica Patrascu

Core team Andreea Ion (eSCAPE leader), Vlad Constantinescu

Associates & Past Students Master students: Denis Cioată; Bachelor students: Alexandru Bâcu, Alexandru Nica, Alexandru Popescu, Alexandru Ujvarosi-Brezeanu, Andrei Matei, Cristian Berceanu, Cătălin Milea, Cătălina Deciu, Dan Costiuc, Eduard Vișinescu, Florentin Burcea, George Serea, Ionuț Banu, Victor Culceru


This project is being supported through the Complex Systems Laboratory. Find out how to contribute to funding this project further.

The travels of Ph.D. students have been partially funded by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development 2007-2013 of the Ministry of European Funds through the Financial Agreement POSDRU/187/1.5/S/155536.


  • Ion A., Patrascu M. 2016 – Agent Based Modelling of Smart Structures: The Challenges of a New Research Domain, Modeling and Simulation Techniques in Structural Engineering, Series Advances in Civil and Industrial Engineering (ACIE), pp. 38-60, IGI Global,
  • Ion A., Constantinescu V., Patrascu M., Dragoicea M. 2016 – A Scalable Agent Based Model for Building Security Simulation, International Journal of Artificial Intelligence, vol. 14, is. 1, pp. 94-111
  • Ion A., Berceanu C., Patrascu M. 2016 – Applying agent based simulation to the design of traffic control systems with respect to real-world urban complexity, Multi-Agent Systems and Agreement Technologies, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 9571, pp. 395-409, Springer,
  • Patrascu M., Ion A., Constantinescu V. 2015 – Agent Based Simulation Applied to the Design of Control Systems for Emergency Vehicles Access, 14th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems Telecommunications ITST-2015, Copenhagen, Denmark, pp. 50-54,
  • Ion A., Constantinescu V., Patrascu M. 2015 – An Agent Based Simulation Model Applied to Emergency Vehicles in High Traffic Urban Environments, 2nd Annual Global Online Conference on Information and Computer Technology GOCICT 2015, Louisville, USA, pp.
  • Patrascu M., Dragoicea M., Ion A. 2014 – Emergent Intelligence in Agents: A Scalable Architecture for Smart Cities, Proc. of the International Conference on System Theory, Control and Computing ICSTCC 2014, Sinaia, Romania, pp.181-186,
  • Dragoicea M., Patrascu M., Serea G.A. 2014 – Real Time Agent Based Simulation for Smart City Emergency Protocols, In Proc. of the International Conference on System Theory, Control and Computing ICSTCC 2014, Sinaia, Romania, pp. 187-192,
  • Patrascu M., Dragoicea M. 2014 – Integrating Services and Agents for Control and Monitoring: Managing Emergencies in Smart Buildings. Service Orientation in Holonic and Multi-Agent Manufacturing and Robotics, Studies in Computational Intelligence, vol. 544, pp. 209-224, Springer International Publishing,
  • Dragoicea M., Patrascu M., Bucur L. 2012 – Service Orientation For Intelligent Building Management: an IOT and IOS Perspective. UNITE 2nd Doctoral Symposium, R & D in Future Internet and Enterprise Interoperability, 11-12 October 2012, Sofia, Bulgaria, pp. 79-86